By David Barton, Karin Tusting
This ebook includes a suite of reports exploring the idea that of "communities of practice", which has been influential in social sciences, schooling, and administration in recent times. Its major goal is to stress the significance of parts akin to language, energy, and social context that are necessary to knowing how groups of perform paintings. the concept that has been a very influential one yet has had little sustained critique, so a e-book of this type is well timed and necessary.
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Additional info for Beyond Communities of Practice: Language Power and Social Context (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives)
On-the-job informal learning is emphasised in the vignette, and the ways in which it interacts with more formal instruction, for instance where procedures learned in training are not effective in practice. In these examples, we can also see how there is a tension between the ways in which the written texts attempt to give permanent shape to and to synchronise activities and the constant change within the workplace. Often, the training events referred to in the vignette have the explicit aim of changing people’s relationships to literacy artefacts.
Hamilton and R. Ivaniˇc (eds), Situated Literacies. London: Routledge, 70–90. Kress, G. and T. van Leeuwen (2001) Multimodal Discourse: The Modes and Media of Contemporary Communication. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Latour, B. (1987) Science in Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Law, J. (1994) Organizing Modernity. Oxford: Blackwell. Marcus, G. E. (1995) Ethnography in/of the world system: the emergence of multi-sited ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology 24 95–117. , D. Roach, A.
It is clear that language plays a central role in everyday activity within this community of practice. Therefore, understandings of the processes by means of which communities of practice are constituted and maintained require attention to the role of language within these processes. Research on communities of practice needs to include analysis of the language used. However, it is also clear that, within this model, language is only part of what is going on, and it is therefore necessary to draw on tools for this analysis which can deal with not only the language but also the relationships between language and other elements of the social process: the relationship 42 Beyond Communities of Practice between language and the other processes going on in interaction at the micro-level, and the role of language in the relationships between local communities and broader social processes.